Great Squares (Le Piazze)
Piazza del Campidoglio (on the Capitol Hill) houses the city council; Piazza Venezia square represents the ‘heart of the city’; Piazza Navona displays the spectacular Baroque triumphant architecture; Piazza di Spagna is a masterpiece of the XVIII century with its famous Spanish steps and, last but not least, St Peter’s Square is the majestic access to St Peter’s Basilica, the centre of Christianity.
Within Rome there are about 19 basilicas to be found, 3 of which are patriarchal: St Peter’s Basilica – the world’s largest basilica of Christianity; St John in Lateran (San Giovanni Laterano) – former seat of the bishop’s residence and the most ancient church in the world, Santa Maria Maggiore…
Ancient Rome sights
The hugest structure of its type in ancient Rome, the elliptical-shaped Colosseum, took about ten years to build. It was once the epi-centre of ancient Rome entertainment, where the gladiatorial and animal combats were held and fought for their survival.
During ancient Rome, the central area and administrative and corporate heart of Rome.
One of the most impressive buildings of the Imperial Rome is the Pantheon. Originally dedicated as a temple to “all the gods”.. A remarkable architectural feature, it remains the world’s largest unreinforced dome.
The Appian Way is an archeological park, a place to soak in the sunshine while strolling past ancient Roman tombs of patrician families. Why not visit the catacombs of St. Sebastian and Callixtus too?
More ancient sights:
The Vatican State encloses St. Peter’s Church and the Vatican Museums; the awe-inspiring late Renaissance masterpiece was completed in over 150 years and built over a pre-existing Early Christian basilica.
Highlights include Michelangelo’s Pietà, the Vatican Gardens, climbing the winding staircase to the top of the cupola for a magnificent view, the Sistine Chapel and Raffaello’s Rooms, both part of the Vatican Museum, the immense wind-swept square encircled by the colonnade.
More Vatican sights:
Fontana di Trevi, one of the top Rome’s attractions that is never to be missed.
The splendid Trevi Fountain (Fontana di Trevi) is a towering marble facade of statues and horses which seem to stampede out of it.
Fountain of Four Rivers
A true masterpiece designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Fountain of the Four Rivers is an outstanding monument of one of the most remarkable Rome squares, Piazza Navona.The Fountain of the Four Rivers on Piazza Navona and the Tritone Fountain are unmissable and might just cool a hot day; make sure you don’t overlook their less spectacular counterparts, such as the Fontana delle Tartarughe, an exquisite smaller fountain built in 1500, with a romantic tale tied its origins.
The Palatine Hill is one of the oldest inhabited parts of Rome and residence to aristocratic families and emperors.
The Trajan Market is a well-preserved monument from the past. It has multiple floors of administrative offices and shops dating from ca. 100 A.D., including the famous Via Biberatica.